Friday, September 11, 2015

Shabbat-O-Gram for September 11 and Rosh Hashanah

Shabbat Shalom and - oh yes, Happy 5776!
It's September 11 and our memories cannot help but be tinged with pain today, as we recall what happened on this day, now 14 years ago.  Because of this anniversary, as well as the need to focus on what lies ahead, tonight and tomorrow's services will be mellow and low key as we prepare to enter the Awesome Days.  On Shabbat morning, we'll discuss forgiveness, in light of Charleston and Simon Wiesenthal's classic essay, "The Sunflower." You can read about it and download it here.
For some more holiday prep, read about the origins of the shofar, the foods and customs of the holiday, or some background on the cantor's personal prayer, the Heneni.  Once again, our service guide and source book will be available for everyone.  It is chock full of explanations and inspirational readings, although we no longer rely on it for service participation.
With the Iran deal debate now in our rear view mirror, I hope American Jewry will move swiftly into a less confrontational mode, working together in a truly bipartisan manner to ensure Israel's security and the deal's verifiable success. The best way for this to happen is for everyone to turn the page as quickly as possible and to resist the temptation to focus on could-have-beens. 
I personally and publically wish to thank Senator Blumenthal for the deliberative way he went about making one of the most difficult decisions of his political career, as well as for his stellar, career-long record in support of Israel. We are most proud that he and Cynthia have chosen TBE to be their spiritual home.
A few holiday-related reminders: 
1)     We will once again be live-streaming our services for those who are shut in, at hospitals, nursing homes, college students, or congregants who are otherwise unable to be here.  People have watched our feed from Atria to Australia and Japan.  Congregants wishing to avail themselves of this service can contact Steve Lander at, and he'll set you up.
2)     PLEASE send me the email addressed of college students, so I can extend this invitation personally.

3)     Once again we are collecting food for Person to Person.  Please take a bag home and fill it, bringing it back over the coming days.

4)     Our offer of second day services open for unaffiliated (along with the longstanding practice of opening up Yizkor on Yom Kippur) is one that goes right to the core of our mission.  We're here - all of us - to share the beauty and wonder of Jewish tradition with everyone around us, not to proselytize, but to help repair the world.  If we can reach people who are lonely, disengaged or seeking, we are doing are job.  Our area happens to be filled with such people, especially young professionals who have moved in recently.  You know them.  Please tell them about us and invite them to be here, whether as members or as visitors.  Please contact for more information.

5)     Plan to get here as early as you can in the morning.  We now begin at 8:45 AM on both Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, 15 minutes earlier than last year. That means we will reach the shofar sounding, musaf and sermon earlier than last year.  We made this change that so that services will let out a little earlier.  But the service will still likely be over AFTER 1 PM our scheduled end is 1:15), after the children's program has let out.  That is by design, so that you can pick up the kids and bring them down to the main service for the conclusion, so they can hear multiple blasts of the shofar. I'll encourage the kids to come forward to the foot of the bima. So please don't rush for the doors as the service nears its conclusion.  There's no rush.  The food will stay a few minutes longer.  I know the shuttles are inconvenient, but think of the wait as an added opportunity to wish more people a sweet year.

6)     Please turn off electronic devices - this is for adults and kids too.  I love those items as much as anyone and I'm also as dependent on them.  But there comes a time when simply living requires living simply.  No need for Facebook while we face the Book.  But once the holiday is behind us feel free to post and tweet away how wonderful it was to be at TBE, and share what you gained from the experience!

7)     Tashlich always provides a welcome change to get outdoors after a long day of praying and eating.  Join us at 5 PM on Monday and we'll walk over to Doral Farms together.  As always, BYOB (bring your own breadcrumbs), which we will cast off into the living waters, symbolically throwing off the burden of our sins.

8)     On Yom Kippur, plan to stay longer as well.  The cantor and I have moved things around so we will get to the Martyrology section a little earlier.  This year we will be focusing on the 20th anniversary of Prime Minister Rabin's assassination.  The cantor will be singing some of the very moving songs that became popular in the wake of that catastrophic event.

9)     My final request... smile a little. Maybe even a lot. You'll be amazed at how much 1500 smiles can illuminate and energize a room.
My best wishes to you and yours for a sweet new year.
High Holiday Services...Boring?  No Way!!!
We enter these Days of Awe filled with both anticipation and trepidation. I feel quite a bit of both at this time of year.  I feel it's my job to help you feel both too - and to enter next week's services fully prepared to be totally present for the totality of the experience.  We always hear complaints about services being "boring" - not ours, of course - but out there :) and that troubles me.  Boredom connotes detachment and listlessness.  The French word ennui is closest to what we are feeling when we say we are "bored" at services. One writer calls it "a feeling of weariness and dissatisfaction, an attitude of lethargic disappointment, a preoccupation with the fundamental emptiness of existence." 
I call that "Tuesday."
Without getting overly dramatic, boredom is usually less about the service itself than it is about the worshipper.  Don't get me wrong; I take it as my responsibility to lead a service that is as engaging as it can possibly be - with inspiring music, readings, explanations, meditative moments and ample opportunities for congregational participation. We've got all that (and, in my humble opinion, the best cantor in the universe).  The rest is up to you. 
So what follows is my High Holidays Anti-Ennui Survival Guide, some suggestions for you, wherever you happen to be.
1)    If you feel disconnected, try to connect, in whatever way you can.  I give some suggestions below.  If you see someone else looking disconnected, take a moment to reach out and welcome that person, while respecting the desire for privacy.  Each of us a greeter.  We are all responsible for our neighbors.  You can assume that every person in the room next week will be feeling the same angst you are, whether about a family crisis, a health challenge, job troubles, or just general feelings of insecurity about the future.
2)    If you don't understand a prayer or disagree with its apparent theological message, join the club.  Remember that we are in dialogue with a liturgy that spans many centuries and continents.  Think of the Machzor as an eclectic playlist on your favorite electronic device (I'll take an iPhone 6, thank you) .  You've got your Mozart, your Beatles and your Taylor Swift; many different voices speaking across the ages, in dialogue with one another.  And now you will be adding your own, equally authentic voice to that eternal symphony, the ageless Jewish and human quest for a purposeful life.
Now I have a big advantage over most of you.  I never get bored during services, for a variety of reasons: For one thing, I am working - I need to stay completely focused on what is happening and what is upcoming. Also, I understand the prayers from many perspectives: historical, existential (oh, that word again), experiential, personal, musical, you name it.  Just today, I was listening to my father's classical cantorial Rosh Hashanah service, taped "live" in 1971.  So I can relate to the prayers not only as documents of the Jewish experience, but as a personal reminiscence from my childhood.
To a degree, most of us have similar childhood memories. What's harder for most non-rabbis is to be able to understand the prayers enough to grapple with them, and to stay focused when there are so many distractions.
3)    So my next suggestion is: Eliminate the Noise.  I mean that literally, of course, but even more in a non literal sense.  Yes, it's important not to disturb those who are trying to engage, especially for those who are sitting far from the bima, way back in the social hall.  There are usually seats available up front, by the way, especially on day two or late in the service.  By all means, give lots of hugs and reconnect with all those people you haven't seen; but that can all be done with smiles and kisses and not with long conversations (which you are welcome to have elsewhere in the building).
I know it's challenging to feel connected to a service when the rabbi is the size of a flea. But even that shouldn't matter if you succeed in eliminating the other kind of noise,the internal distractions that are the hallmark of our multitasking, 24-7, A.D.D. everyday lives.  Do yourself a favor and leave all of that at the door. Think about the bigger questions that need to be asked.  Let yourself get swept away by our musicians, singers and fantastic cantor.  Lose yourself in the repetitive cadences, even when you don't understand what they mean.  That's not so important.  Eliminate the noise in your head.  You will thank me.  And if you do that, you will never be bored.
4)    Don't try to keep up. You don't need to pray every word.  Those who wish to will have the opportunity to, both with us and on your own. Understand that we may go at a pace that won't allow non-speed davenners to pray every word.  This is not a competition. What I recommend instead is that you focus on certain phrases or concepts and ask yourself some basic questions. If you find one that means something to you, repeat it again and again in your mind, or even out loud. Take it home with you.  Let it marinate. It could change your life.
5)    With that in mind, here are some key "mantras" from the prayers to reflect upon (pages are from our prayer book, Machor Lev Shalem)
n  p. 91, 138 and 169.  In the prayer for peace, Sim Shalom, we say:
Ki ve-or panekha natata lanu, Adonai Eloheinu Torat ħayim ve-ahavat ħesed, u-tzedaka u-ve-raħa ve-raħamim ve-ħayim ve-shalom
For by the light of Your face You have given us, Adonai our God, the Torah of life, and love of kindness, and righteousness and blessing and mercy and life and peace;
I say this prayer each morning, and when I do, allow those words to linger on my tongue.  Our way is the way of life, kindness, righteousness (tzedakkah), blessing, mercy and peace.  I absolutely promise you that if you say that verse over and over, especially in Hebrew, where there is a mantra-like rhythm, you will become a more kind, charitable, merciful and peaceful person - and therefore happier.
n  p. 142.  In the Unetane Tokef prayer, (which has a remarkable history), there are several memorable verses that I carry as mantras, including "Who shall live and who shall die." 
The idea is that we carry the power of life and death in us, that we also have tremendous power to shape our own destiny.  Leonard Cohen's version only highlights how we can interpret ancient prayers with great freedom and creativity.
But the kicker is "Repentance, Prayer, and Charity annul the severe Decree."  How can we  not sing that refrain, as we do with incredible intensity here, and not be changed by it?
n  In Musaf, (eg p. 162) right after the shofar is blown, we come to the line"Hayom Harat Olam," "Today is the birthday of the world."  Chew on that for a while.  Just repeat the words.  The Hebrew literally means, "Today the world is pregnant."  Whoa!!!  This mantra is pregnant with possibilities.  Maybe it means that we are about to give birth to our future.  Or maybe it harks back to the notion that the world is a living being, from which we are born - and that we need to care for our planet as we would care for a parent. Or maybe since olam also means "eternity," it means that our world is eternally pregnant - and so are we - we are constantly in the process of gestation.  Aside from what that would do for the pickle industry, it is a remarkable way to look at how we live.
So there you have it.  Three Mantras, and that's just off the top of my head.  And I haven't even gotten to God yet.  Avinu Malkenu, or the Sh'ma, for instance, force us to confront our beliefs about what metaphor for divinity and holiness works best for us, about how we can listen attentively enough to hear that Still, Small Voice speaking to us. Oh yes, and there's the shofar, whose mantra like soundings (100 blasts each day) can't help but stir us form our lethargy.
Still bored?  Here's another suggestion:
6)    Six Word Memoirs
Last week I asked people to come up with Six Word Memoirs related to the High Holidays.  I've received some really nice ones.  Thank you to those who submitted.  I decided not to include names because I am not sure whether the contributors wanted me to - and also to encourage more submissions!! Sometimes a little anonymity can get the creative juices flowing.  Don't be afraid to be bold.  Here's what I've gotten so far:
-          Find beauty in everyone and everywhere!
-           I am grateful for each day!
-           I am fortunate to be Jewish!
-          Start each new day with love!
-           Rosh Hashanah. New calendar. When's Passover?
-          Every day is a new day.
-          I came. I limped. I healed
-          Grandparents died, before I could ask.
-          Hope to do better next year?
-          Can I forgive myself?  Maybe soon.
Your assignment for those moments of ennui: come up with six words of your own - and feel free to share them with me.
7)    Thirty Six Questions
One more suggestion. A New York Times "Modern Love" article from last winter referred a study by the psychologist Arthur Aron (and others) that explores whether intimacy between two strangers can be accelerated by having them ask each other a specific series of personal questions. The 36 questions in the study are broken up into three sets, with each set intended to be more probing than the previous one.  Here's the article, with the questions.
The idea is that mutual vulnerability fosters closeness. To quote the study's authors, "One key pattern associated with the development of a close relationship among peers is sustained, escalating, reciprocal, personal self-disclosure." Allowing oneself to be vulnerable with another person can be exceedingly difficult, so this exercise forces the issue.
Our relationships with God  and with our spiritual community also require the ability to be open, vulnerable and trusting.  It's very hard to do that among hundreds of people on the High Holidays - but that's the goal.  To help you out, I've adapted the 36 (double chai!) that could apply if, say, you came across God's profile on Tinder.  Which way would we swipe, to opt in or out of a relationship with God, Torah and the Jewish people?  Would we opt in or out?
As part of your soul searching here, take the time to ponder these questions (and make up some more).  My emendations are in italics.

1) Given the choice of anyone in the world, whom would you want as a dinner guest? Would the dinner be kosher?
2)Would you like to be famous? In what way? 
3)Before making a telephone call or reciting a prayer, do you ever rehearse what you are going to say? Why?
4) What would constitute a "perfect" day for you? And would any of it involve service to others? 
5) When did you last sing to yourself? To someone else? Are you able to sing with the congregation unabashedly or are you reticent to add your voice to others'? 
6) If you were able to live to the age of 90 and retain either the mind or body of a 30-year-old for the last 60 years of your life, which would you want?  Or would you prefer to be 30 but have the wisdom of a 70 year old? 
7)Do you have a secret hunch about how you will die? Are you more afraid of dying or of not having fully lived? 
8)Name three things you and your partner appear to have in common.  Name one thing all Jew have in there one? 
9)For what in your life do you feel most grateful? 
10)If you could change anything about the way you were raised, what would it be? 11) Take four minutes and tell your partner your life story in as much detail as possible.  During the silent Amida, come up with an elevator speech summarizing your entire life. 
12)If you could wake up tomorrow having gained any one quality or ability, what would it be?  How about one Jewish skill?  Torah reading?  Hebrew comprehension?  Making fluffy matza balls?
Set II

13.  If a crystal ball could tell you the truth about yourself, your life, the future or anything else, what would you want to know
14.  Is there something that you've dreamed of doing for a long time? Why haven't you done it?  Is going to Israel somewhere on that list?
15.  What is the greatest accomplishment of your life?
16.  What do you value most in a friendship?
17.  What is your most treasured memory?  And most treasured Jewish memory?
18.  What is your most terrible memory?  Ditto.  When have you felt most rejected by a the Jewish community or God and how has that impacted your life?  And by the way, speaking on behalf of all rabbis, I'm sorry!
19.  If you knew that in one year you would die suddenly, would you change anything about the way you are now living? Why? 
20.  What does friendship mean to you?
21.  What roles do love and affection play in your life?
22.  Alternate sharing something you consider a positive characteristic of your partner. Share a total of five items.  What do you love most about Judaism?
23.  How close and warm is your family? Do you feel your childhood was happier than most other people's?  Is your community your family?  How can that happen if not?
24.   How do you feel about your relationship with your mother?  Not going there.
25.  Make three true "we" statements each. For instance, "We are both (all) in this room feeling ... "
26.  Complete this sentence: "I wish I had someone with whom I could share ... "
27.  If you were going to become a close friend with your partner, please share what would be important for him or her to know.  What would you add to the list of sins found in the machzor?  What most applies to you?
28.  Tell your partner what you like about them; be very honest this time, saying things that you might not say to someone you've just met.
29.  Share with your partner an embarrassing moment in your life. Like the time you were supposed to kiss the Torah but kissed the rabbi instead!
30.   When did you last cry in front of another person? By yourself?  While praying?
31.   Tell your partner something that you like about them already.
32.  What, if anything, is too serious to be joked about?  Do you cringe when people trivialize the Holocaust through humor or political agendas?
33.  If you were to die this evening with no opportunity to communicate with anyone, what would you most regret not having told someone? Why haven't you told them yet?34.  Your house, containing everything you own, catches fire. After saving your loved ones and pets, you have time to safely make a final dash to save any one item. What would it be? Why? What Jewish objects would you save?
35.  Of all the people in your family, whose death would you find most disturbing? Why?
36.   Share a personal problem and ask your partner's advice on how he or she might handle it. Also, ask your partner to reflect back to you how you seem to be feeling about the problem you have chosen.  Or maybe the problem is that we say we're Chosen.

You can see that there are lots of avenues to a more fulfilling relationship with Judaism, God, your synagogue and the High Holidays.
Oh and one more thing: the sermons.  Ultimately, all preachers are preaching to themselves, and if you happen to overhear, all the better! All I can say is that I've read them and edited them literally dozens of times thus far and I'm not bored yet!  But if you are unmoved...or heaven forbid, bored, I apologize in advance. 
So that's my first lengthy sermon - on how not to be bored next week.  The rest is up to you!  Maybe we can all fight off boredom by standing and singing together, "Ennui Shall Overcome!"
L'shana tova!
Rabbi Joshua Hammerman

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